Antenna Design Fundamentals, Arrays and Propagation

Course Summary

This course provides participants with comprehensive understanding into the theory and principles of antenna design. Wide variety of topics covered provides an insight into definitions and design considerations of numerous antenna types. Fundamental concepts in RF Propagation including Path Loss, Multipath and Fading Models are included. An overview of different antennas topics including Microstrips, Electrically Small Antennas, Low Profile Antennas, Apertures, Reflectors and arrays are discussed along with various applications and tools used in contemporary wireless communication systems and devices.

Course Details

Course ID:SOL-AE-111
Course Duration:40 Hours
Delivery Options
PREREQUISITES: Strong Background in Electromagnetics, Calculus, Linear Algebra, Principles of Electronics.

Course Outline

OVERVIEW OF ANTENNA CONCEPTS
Definitions of basic antenna properties: impedance, VSWR, bandwidth, directivity, gain, radiation patterns, polarization, etc.
ANTENNAS NOMENCLATURE
Classification by Parameter: Directivity, Frequency and Size, Antenna Types: Independent Antennas, Aperture Antennas, Traveling Wave Antennas, Resonant Antennas, Phased Arrays, Electrically Small Antennas, Circularly Polarized Antennas.
FUNDAMENTAL ANTENNAS
Monopoles, Dipoles, Folded Dipoles, Loops, Slots.
GROUND PLANE CONSIDERATIONS
Horizontally Polarized Antennas, Vertically Polarized Antennas, Environmental Considerations on Antenna Performance.
ANTENNA DESIGN: PART 1
Introduction to Antenna Elements, Microstrip Antenna Design and Design trade-offs, Designing Microstrip patch for Short Range Wireless Networks, Ground plane considerations, Baluns, Aperture Antenna Design, Horn Antenna, Reflector Antenna, Corner Reflector, Circularly Polarized Antennas, Helix Antenna, Crossed Dipole Antenna, Quadrifilar Helix.
IMPEDANCE MATCHING
Need for Impedance Matching, Impedance Matching Networks.
ANTENNA DESIGN: PART 2
Broadband Configurations: Monopole, Feed, Dipole, Bandwidth improvement techniques, Frequency Independence: Log-periodic Antenna, Spiral Antennas, Electrically Small Antennas: Definitions, Bandwidth and Quality Factor Consideration, Performance Limitations, Small Antennas: Dipole & Loop, Optimization Techniques for Small Antennas.
FUNDAMENTALS OF ANTENNA ARRAYS
Overview of Antenna Arrays, Antenna Array Types, Feed Network design considerations, Beam Steering and Shaping, Performance trade-offs, Antenna Array Examples.
FUNDAMENTALS OF PROPOGATION
The Communication Link, Path Loss Calculations, RF path loss, Reflection, multipath and fading, Noise and interference, Polarization distortion, Diversity implementation, Power Calculations, Properties of Antenna Receivers, Apertures, Efficiency, Antenna Coupling, Performance Parameters.
ANTENNA DESIGN: PART 3
Fractal Antenna, RFIDs, Low Profile Antennas, Inverted L, Inverted F antennas, Planar Inverted F Antenna (PIFA), Ultra Wideband (UWB) Antennas, Performance & Properties of the above.
ANTENNAS: APPLICATIONS & MATERIALS
Antennas in Wireless Applications, Wireless Cellular Antennas, Mobile Antennas, GPS, HF, UHF and VHF Communication Antennas, Antennas for Satellite Communication, Electronic Bandgap Materials and Perfectly Conducting (PEC) ground planes.
ANTENNA MODELING
Numerical Tools, Software packages.
CORE TECHNOLOGY AREAS COVERED:
Antenna Design Principles, Antenna Arrays, Fundamentals of Channel Propagation, Antenna Choices for Communication Systems.